MPTP a neurotoxin research model of Parkinson’s Disease

The toxin 1-methyl-4-phyenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP), causes irreversible Parkinson’s disease symptoms (Parkinsonism) through the destruction of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra

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What is thalidomide and what caused the thalidomide disaster of the 1950s and 60s?

Thalidomide was first developed by Chemie-Grunenthal, a German pharmaceutical company, in 1954.  It was first marketed as a sedative, and

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